Mathematics in middle school builds upon the foundational knowledge that scholars acquired in grades K-5. Using a congruent curriculum to ensure that students do not encounter gaps in standards or knowledge, middle school mathematics is separated into Integrated Math I, Integrated Math II, and Pre-Algebra.
Integrated Mathematics I (6th Grade) focuses on four critical areas:
Integrated Mathematics II (7th Grade) expands on those areas and focuses on:
Pre-Algebra (8th Grade) Focuses on the following skills to ensure readiness for high school Algebra
English Language Arts:
In the middle school grades students learn to use writing as their voice and reading as their power. As students strengthen their research and formal writing skills, they will explore a vast variety of genres of literature and expand their exposure to literary journals, spoken word, and other unique forms of writing. Students will expand their abstract thinking with metaphors and similes, learn to advocate for themselves through persuasive writing, and express themselves creatively with short stories, poetry, and prose.
Students in grades 6-8 will be asked to develop their English Language Arts skills through:
Middle School Science delves into area specific scientific explorations of the world around us. Students learn the scientific method and how to apply it in practice in a variety of ways.
Earth/ Space Science:
Students develop understanding of a wide range of topics in Earth and space sciences that build on science concepts from elementary school through more advanced content, practice, and crosscutting themes. There are six Earth and space sciences standard topics in middle school:
Students develop understanding of key concepts to help them make sense of the life sciences. These ideas build upon students’ science understanding from earlier grades and from the disciplinary core ideas, science and engineering practices, and crosscutting concepts of other experiences with physical and Earth sciences.
The five life science topics in middle school are:
Students continue to develop understanding of four core ideas in the physical sciences. The middle school performance expectations in the physical sciences build on the K – 5 ideas and capabilities to allow learners to explain phenomena central to the physical sciences but also to the life sciences and Earth and space sciences. The performance expectations in the physical sciences blend the core ideas with scientific and engineering practices and crosscutting concepts to support students in developing usable knowledge to explain real-world phenomena in the physical, biological, and Earth and space sciences. In the physical sciences, performance expectations at the middle school level focus on students developing understanding of several scientific practices. These include developing and using models, planning and conducting investigations, analyzing and interpreting data, using mathematical and computational thinking, and constructing explanations and using these practices to demonstrate understanding of the core ideas. Students are also expected to demonstrate understanding of several engineering practices, including design and evaluation.
The primary content for this course pertains to the world’s earliest civilizations to the ancient and classical civilizations of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Students will be exposed to the multiple dynamics of world history including economics, geography, politics, and religion/philosophy. Students will study methods of historical inquiry and primary and secondary historical documents.
The primary content for the course pertains to the principles, functions, and organization of government; the origins of the American political system; the roles, rights, responsibilities of United States citizens; and methods of active participation in our political system. The course is embedded with strong geographic and economic components to support civic education instruction.
Additional content includes:
Primary content emphasis for this course pertains to the study of American history from the Exploration and Colonization period to the Reconstruction Period following the Civil War. Students will be exposed to the historical, geographic, political, economic, and sociological events which influenced the development of the United States and the resulting impact on world history. So that students can clearly see the relationship between cause and effect in historical events, students should have the opportunity to explore those fundamental ideas and events which occurred after Reconstruction.
Key knowledge includes:
In second grade, students develop the ability to read and write with increased fluency. Students will be asked to write creatively and increase their use of written language as a communication and expression tool. In second grade emphasis will be placed on correct spelling, punctuation, and grammar. Students will engage in an exploration of different genres of reading material and begin to gain an understanding of the author’s purpose.
Second grade mathematicians will extend their understanding of base-ten notation, and build fluency with addition and subtraction within 100. Second graders will learn to recognize and correctly use standard units of measure including a basic understanding of both time and money. In second grade geometry, students will continue to expand their shape knowledge to three dimensional figures.
Young scientists will further their explorations of the world around them and delve deeper into the earth and its components such as soil, rocks, air, and water. Students will learn new ways to categorize and record their observations utilizing simple charts and graphs.
Current events are introduced to children in second grade in order to bolster their understanding of the world and their place within it . Students also begin to study other cultures, and what makes cultures unique.
Students in kindergarten will learn to identify all of the letters of the alphabet and their unique sounds. Students will engage in songs and stories which will introduce them to the foundations of literature such as parts of a book, rhyming words, and sentence structure. Students will learn a variety of sight words as well as how to put sounds together to begin to express themselves through written language.
Students will learn the principles of numbers and their function in our world. Students will learn patterns, matched sets, counting by 1s, 2s, 5s, and 10s. Students will begin to learn mathematical functions such as adding and subtracting as well as the names of all of the basic shapes and their characteristics.
Kindergarten students delve into the world around them through explorations in science. Students learn about animals, plants, the earth, and how living things grow and flourish. Students begin to learn about the role that humans play in the world at large. Students will engage in hands-on learning through exploration of plants, animals, and many elements of nature.
Students will learn about their community and its elements and functions through the social studies curriculum. Kindergarteners learn about the people and places in their neighborhood as well as the important jobs of helpers in the community. Through project based learning students begin to understand their role within different settings and groups throughout our community and the world at large.